In this post, we answer some frequently asked questions from Year 10 students about choosing the right Mathematics course for Year 11:
 When does the new Year 11 & 12 (Stage 6) Mathematics Syllabus start?
 What are the differences between Mathematics Advanced vs Mathematics Extension 1?
 Should I choose Mathematics Advanced or Mathematics Extension 1?
 How important are Year 11 Mathematics courses in the HSC?
 How do the different Mathematics courses scale?
The current Year 11 Mathematics syllabus
Year 11 Mathematics is the first year of Stage 6 Mathematics.
 Year 9 and 10 Mathematics is known as Stage 5 Mathematics
 Year 11 and 12 Mathematics is known as Stage 6 Mathematics
For Year 11 students, there are three different courses of study. Below are the NESA links to the course outlines:

 Mathematics Standard and Standard 2
 Mathematics Advanced
 Mathematics Extension 1
For Year 12 students, there are four different courses of study:
 Mathematics Standard and Standard 2
 Mathematics Advanced
 Mathematics Extension 1
 Mathematics Extension 2
Choosing the right Year 11 Mathematics course (Maths Standard, Maths Advanced, Maths Extension 1)
The different levels of Mathematics have different requirements for student competency and ability. To help students determine which Mathematics course is appropriate for them, we have created a flowchart that illustrates the level of achievement students need to attain for the different levels of Mathematics courses.
The Year 11 and 12 Maths Standard 1 and 2 courses are aimed at giving students proficiency in practical aspects of Maths for entry into the workforce. Students’ performance in Year 10 Mathematics should determine the level of Year 11 Mathematics they choose to study.
 Year 11 and 12 Maths Standard and Standard 2 is aimed at further developing students Maths skills, but not to the level required for university degrees requiring Maths Advanced. Students who do well at this and wish to study a course at university requiring Maths Prerequisites will need to undertake a bridging course, although this subject will help prepare for such bridging study.
 The Year 11 and 12 Mathematics Advanced course is intended for students who have demonstrated general competency in all the skills in the Year 10 Mathematics Advanced Course. If students struggled in Year 10 Mathematics Advanced, they should consider taking the Year 11 Mathematics Advanced course.
 If students performed well in Year 10 Mathematics Advanced, they should consider taking the Year 11 Mathematics Extension 1 course.
 The Year 11 and 12 Mathematics Extension 1 course is intended for students who have demonstrated a mastery of the skills in the Year 10 Mathematics Advanced course. If students performed well in Year 10 Mathematics Advanced, they should consider taking the Year 11 Mathematics Extension 1 course.
Various university courses now require Mathematics Advanced or higher as prerequisites
Universities are starting to introduce Mathematics prerequisites or/and recommended subjects with minimum HSC result for various courses.
Click here for a table of the University of Sydney degrees that will require a Maths prerequisite.
NESA recommends:

 The Mathematics Advanced (2 Unit) course as the most appropriate for university courses such as in the Life Sciences, Business, Finance, Technology, and Education.
 The Mathematics Extension 1 course as the most appropriate for university courses such as Physics, Chemistry, Engineering, Statistics, and Computer Science.
Why is Mathematics Extension 1 referred to as 3 Unit Mathematics?
The content of the Mathematics Extension 1 course includes the whole of the Mathematics Advanced (2 unit) course. Therefore, students sit HSC exams for:
 The Year 12 Mathematics Advanced and
 The Year 12 Mathematics Extension 1.
For this reason, the Year 12 Mathematics Advanced course is assigned 2 units of HSC marks and the Year 12 Mathematics Extension 1 course is assigned 1 unit of HSC marks. Hence the total number of units for this course is 3 units.
Image: Breakdown of Mathematics Extension 1 (3 Unit)
Comparing Mathematics courses: Mathematics Standard 2 Vs Advanced vs Mathematics Extension 1
The Year 11 Mathematics Advanced and Extension 1 topics are listed below. Please note that in Year 11 Maths Extension 1, students will learn both Year 11 Maths Advanced and Extension 1 topics.
Table: Year 11 Mathematics Advanced and Extension 1 Syllabus  
Year 11 Maths Standard  Year 11 Maths Advanced  Year 11 Maths Extension 1 
MSA1: Formulae and Equations  Basic arithmetic and algebra (1.1 – 1.4)  Other inequalities (1.4E) 
MSA2: Linear Relationships  Real functions (4.1 – 4.4)  Circle geometry (2.6 – 2.10) 
MSF1 (F1.1): Interest and depreciation  Trigonometric ratios (5.1 – 5.5)  Further trigonometry (5.6 – 5.9) 
MSM1 Applications of Measurement (M1.1)  Linear functions (6.16.5, 6.7)  Angles between two lines (6.6) 
MSF1 Money Matters  The quadratic polynomial and the parabola (9.1 – 9.5)  Internal and external division of lines into given ratios (6.7E) 
MSM2 Working with Time  Plane geometry (2.1 – 2.4)  Parametric representation (9.6) 
MSS1 Data Analysis  Tangent to a curve and derivative of a function (8.1 – 8.9)  Permutations and combinations (18.1) 
MSS2 Relative Frequency and Probability  Polynomials (16.1 – 16.3)  
Harder applications of the Preliminary 2 Unit course 
Depending on schools, the Year 11 Mathematics Extension 1 program will vary.
 Some schools choose to complete Year 11 Mathematics Advanced topics first before teaching Year 11 Mathematics Extension 1 topics.
 Most schools choose to teach Year 11 Mathematics Advanced and Extension 1 topics one after the other.
At Matrix, we teach Year 11 Mathematics and Extension 1 topics one after the other. The Matrix Year 11 Mathematics Standard 2, Advanced, and Extension 1 course programs are shown below:
Table: Matrix Year 11 Mathematics Program  
Period  Year 11 Maths Standard  Year 11 Maths Advanced  Year 11 Maths Extension 1 
Sep Dec 
Launching September 2021 
Basic Arithmetic and Algebra Absolute Values Linear Functions 
Linear Functions NonLinear Curves Absolute Values and Inequalities Quadratic Polynomial 
Jan – Apr 
Launching September 2021 
Functions and Relations Trigonometric Ratios 
Trigonometric ratios Locus Limits of the Derivative 
Apr – Jun 
Launching September 2021 
Plane geometry The Quadratic Polynomial Locus and Parabola 
Polynomials Geometrical Applications of Differentiation Parametric Representation 
Jul – Sep 
Launching September 2021 
Introductory Calculus Probability Revision of Preliminary Topics 
Sequences and Series Circle Geometry Integration Volumes 
The Year 12 Mathematics Advanced, Standard 2, and Extension 1 topics are listed below. Please note that Year 12 Maths Extension 1 students will learn both Year 12 Maths Advanced and Extension 1 topics.
Table: Year 12 Mathematics Standard 2, Advanced, and Extension 1 Syllabus  
Year 12 Maths Standard 2  Year 12 Maths Advanced  Year 12 Maths Extension 1 
MSA4 Types of Relationships  Coordinate methods in geometry (6.8)  Method of integration (11.5) 
MSF4 Investments and Loans  Applications of geometrical properties (2.5)  Primitive of sin(2x) and cos(2x) (13.6E) 
MSN2 Network Concepts  Geometrical applications of differentiation (10.110.8)  Exponential growth and decay equation (14.2E) 
MSF5 Annuities  Integration (11.1 – 11.4)  Velocity and acceleration as a function of ‘x’ (14.3E) 
MSM6 Nonrightangled trigonometry  Trigonometric functions (including applications of trigonometric ratios) (13.1 – 13.6, 13.7) 
Projectile motion (14.3E) 
MSM7 Rates and Ratios  Logarithmic and exponential functions (12.1 – 12.5)  Simple harmonic motion (14.4) 
MSN3 Critical Path Analysis  Applications of calculus to the physical world (14.1 – 14.3)  Inverse functions and inverse trigonometric functions (15.1 – 15.5) 
MSS4 Bivariate Data Analysis  Probability (3.1 – 3.3)  Induction (7.4) 
MSS5 The Normal Distribution  Series (7.1 – 7.3) and Series applications (7.5) 
Binomial theorem (17.1 – 17.3) 
Further probability (18.2)  
Iterative methods for estimating roots (16.4)  
Harder applications of HSC 2 Unit topics 
At Matrix, we teach Year 12 Mathematics and Extension 1 topics one after the other. The Matrix Year 11 Mathematics Standard 2, Advanced, and Extension 1 course programs are shown below:
Table: Matrix Year 12 Mathematics Program  
Period  Year 12 Maths Standard 2  Year 12 Maths Advanced  Year 11 Maths Extension 1 
Sep Dec 
Algebra Types of Relationships Trigonometric Functions Rates and Ratios 
Basic Arithmetic and Algebra Absolute Values Linear Functions 
Linear Functions NonLinear Curves Absolute Values and Inequalities Quadratic Polynomial 
Jan – Apr 
Investments and Loans Annuities Network Concepts The Normal Distribution Bivariate Data Analysis 
Functions and Relations Trigonometric Ratios 
Trigonometric ratios Locus Limits of the Derivative 
Apr – Jun 
Working with Time Probability Critical Path Analysis Guided Practice Exams 
Plane geometry The Quadratic Polynomial Locus and Parabola 
Polynomials Geometrical Applications of Differentiation Parametric Representation 
Jul – Sep 
HSC Exam Booster Revision of Algebra Revision of Trigonometric Functions Revision of Financial Mathematics Revision of Statistics Revision of Networks 
Introductory Calculus Probability Revision of Preliminary Topics 
Sequences and Series Circle Geometry Integration Volumes 
How important are the Year 11 Mathematics courses?
Students must remember that Year 11 is the first year of Stage 6 syllabus. This means that all the content from Year 11 Mathematics Advanced or/and Extension 1 are examinable in the HSC.
Below is an HSC exam question from the 2016 HSC Mathematics Advanced Exam Paper.
2016 HSC Mathematics Advanced Question 3
Source: NESA Website
This HSC exam question is from the Year 11 Maths Advanced topic: ‘The quadratic polynomial and the parabola (9.19.5)’!
All topics from Year 11 Mathematics Advanced and/or Extension 1 are examinable in the HSC
Below is a HSC exam question from the 2016 HSC Mathematics Extension 1 Exam Paper.
2016 HSC Mathematics Extension 1 Question 10
Source: NESA Website
This HSC exam question is from the Year 11 Maths Extension 1 topic: ‘Polynomials (16.116.3)’!
Scaling of Mathematics courses
Scaling is the process of converting HSC marks into scaled marks for comparison across different subjects. This conversion, or ‘scaling,’ is required as students undertake different levels of Mathematics.
A different level of scaling is applied to Mathematics courses as shown in the graph below.
As a general rule, the “harder” the unit of study, the “better” the scaling it receives.
Mathematics Extension 1 scales better than Mathematics Advanced.
Please note that, students should not choose their subjects based on scaling. Instead, scaling graphs should be used as the tool for determining your required position/rank in the state for you to obtain your desired ATAR.
For example,
 A student in 60th percentile (top 40 percent in the state) in Mathematics Extension 2 will receive a scaled mark of 45/50 which equates to 90/100, whereas a student in the 60th percentile in Mathematics Extension 1 and Advanced will receive a scaled mark of 43/50 and 34/50 which equates to 86/100 and 68/100 respectively.
 A student studying Mathematics Advanced will need to be in 97th percentile to receive the same scaled mark as the Mathematics Extension 2 student in 60th percentile.